Kinji Imanishi redefined the term “culture” to have broader meanings. According to him, culture is a behavior that is inherited regardless of genetic relationships, and includes not only the acquisition of knowledge and techniques, but also ways of maintaining a social life. Imanishi argued that the rule of “dominance of the youngest siblings” is one example of this, and he called it “pre-culture.”*
■References (Books, papers, Web articles, etc.)
「ニホンザル研究の原状と課題―とくにアイデンティフィケーションの問題について―」 今西錦司（『今西錦司全集 第７巻』100～147ページ所収 （講談社、1975））
「カルチャーの概念―アイデンティフィケーション論その後―」 伊谷純一郎（『サルの文化誌』269～278ページ所収 西田利貞・伊沢紘生・加納隆至編 （平凡社、1991））
・Kawamura (1959) The process of sub-culture propagation among Japanese macaques. Primates. 2(1):43-60.
*The term “pre-culture” refers to something that is shared not through instinct, but through interaction between individuals in the group. This term was used to avoid confusion with human culture, which also has meanings associated with abilities not found in monkeys, such as discipline and education.
Related iCards: Potato washing by Japanese macaques on Kojima Island (Vol 1.) ／ Potato washing transmitted to other group members (Vol 1.)／ The Potato washing behavior of Japanese macaques (Vol 2.)
★If you interested in this text, please have the following ebook at hand. For that, Click on the URL below.
★This article is a piece of "knowledge card" that makes up iCardbook, "Evolution of Human Sociality(Juichi Yamagiwa, Shun Hongo)"
iCardbook, a card-type specialized book that organizes “Knowledge Cards” is a new form of book in the smartphone age.
■iCardbook Benefits:Good value for reading
・you can read it quickly in your pocket of time, e.g. commuting
・You can immediately understand the "drawing " in the author's head
・Amazon Prime members can read for free