War is not the essence of humanity

The idea that hunting tools turned into weapons, and that war (mass struggle among groups of humans) evolved from hunting is apparently not true.*

It was about seven million years ago that our human ancestors differentiated from the ancestors that they had in common with chimpanzees. However, spears appeared as the first hunting tools about five hundred thousand years ago, and the first definite mass struggle did not occur until about ten thousand years ago, just after farming began.

Most of human evolutionary history is unrelated to war or to hunting with tools.

■References (Books, papers, Web articles, etc.)
The Dawn of Human Culture  Richard G. Klein Wiley; 1 edition (March 1, 2002)

*From the outset, hunting and war have different motives. Hunting is an activity for sustenance and biological survival. War, on the other hand, is a self-assertion to obtain agreement from others. It is an economic and strategic option. If you have the approval of the other party, there is no need to continue a battle. [Editorial note]

★If you interested in this text, please have the following ebook at hand. For that, Click on the URL below.


★This article is a piece of "knowledge card" that makes up iCardbook, "Evolution of Human Sociality(Juichi Yamagiwa, Shun Hongo)"


iCardbook, a card-type specialized book that organizes “Knowledge Cards” is a new form of book in the smartphone age.


■iCardbook Benefits:Good value for reading

・you can read it quickly in your pocket of time, e.g. commuting
・You can immediately understand the "drawing " in the author's head
・Amazon Prime members can read for free


◎About iCardbook(english)

◎About iCardbook(japanese)

The References list of “Evolution of Human Sociality”