Animal domestication and the development of agriculture

The combination of farming and pastoralism enabled humans to produce large amounts of food. By using domesticated animals, it became possible to produce and store abundant food by converting land that could not be cleared by human hands into farmland, using feces as fertilizer, and using the milk and meat of livestock as food. Furthermore, it became possible to carry heavy luggage using livestock, facilitating the exchange of supplies.

These developments produced a group of specialists who made tools, clothes, and homes without directly engaging in food production, enabling the accumulation of wealth, and the emergence of wealthy individuals.

■References (Books, papers, Web articles, etc.)
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies  Jared Diamond W. W. Norton & Company; 1 edition (March 7, 2017)
Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind   Yuval Noah Harari  Harper Perennial; Reprint edition (May 15, 2018)

★If you interested in this text, please have the following ebook at hand. For that, Click on the URL below.

★This article is a piece of "knowledge card" that makes up iCardbook, "Evolution of Human Sociality(Juichi Yamagiwa, Shun Hongo)"


iCardbook, a card-type specialized book that organizes “Knowledge Cards” is a new form of book in the smartphone age.


■iCardbook Benefits:Good value for reading

・you can read it quickly in your pocket of time, e.g. commuting
・You can immediately understand the "drawing " in the author's head
・Amazon Prime members can read for free


◎About iCardbook(english)

◎About iCardbook(japanese)

The References list of “Evolution of Human Sociality”