Leaf eaters and fruit eaters: differences in home range

One clear example of food effects on primate behavior is the contrast between folivores and frugivores.

Folivorous, or leaf-eating, primates, generally have small home ranges that overlap with those of neighboring groups. When two groups encounter, they often avoid each other or leave without any obvious reaction.

By contrast, frugivorous, or fruit-eating, primates, often have large home ranges, and the overlap of the ranges is generally small, since neighboring groups compete for limited fruit resources.

■References (Books, papers, Web articles, etc.)
人類進化論——霊長類学からの展開』 第7章 人類進化の謎に挑む  山極寿一 (裳華房、2002)
サルの食卓』  中川尚史 (平凡社、1994)

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